What is Composer?
Composer is a dependency manager for PHP which allows us to quickly and efficiently manage dependant library within our workflow. It installs packages locally. A package is essentially just a directory containing something which has a name and a version. The name and the version are used to identify the package allowing us to quickly deploy new versions of our code whilst keeping a track of them.
A Dependency is a broad software engineering term used to express when a piece of software relies on another.
Why use Composer?
As a design and development agency we try not to be limited to building WordPress sites, all of our projects are designed for specific uses for each client and can vary from being a simple brochure site to an advanced booking and review platform. The CMS therefore becomes a dependancy of the project, rather than the project as a whole. Using Composer has several advantages:
- Dependencies are declared in a single place.
- Installing and updating is completed quickly at command line.
- The project is locked into specific versions when required.
- We don’t need to include the actual 3rd party code in our Git repository.
Using our own boilerplate
composer.json template we can quickly create a new WordPress installation using our preferred plugins,
wp-config.php settings can then be transferred on deployment when a change is pushed to staging or production. After installing the dependencies, Composer writes the list of the exact versions it installed into a
composer.lock file. This locks the project to those specific versions and gives us a record.
Composer with WordPress
As WordPress doesn’t ship with composer support we use a GitHub fork by johnpbloch which is currently the most popular/accepted package. It effectivly syncs the main WordPress brand every fifteen minutes and adds a
You can view it here https://github.com/johnpbloch/wordpress or via packagist.
Packagist mirrors the WordPress plugin and theme directories and provides them as a Composer repository. The example below is taken straight from the Packagist site and shows how quickly it can be implemented into a project.
composer.json file adds the Wpackagist repository and includes the latest version of Akismet, at least version 3.9 of Captcha, and the latest Hueman theme along with the Amazon Web Services SDK from the main Packagist repository.
Third party plugins
As these plugins are not hosted in the WordPress directory we store them on GitHub or within an S3 bucket and call them into the project using authenticated URL’s. this ensures a quick but effective way to manage our dependancies whilst not sharing premium plugins with the wider world.